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Overcoming Lateral Knee Pain-

Overcoming Lateral Knee Pain: A Case Study from Rathmines & Greystones Pain and Injury Clinics.

Knee pain can be a debilitating and frustrating issue, especially when traditional treatments fail to provide relief. At Rathmines & Greystones Pain and Injury Clinic, we often encounter patients who have tried multiple therapies without success. This blog post delves into a detailed case study of a patient with persistent lateral knee pain and outlines the comprehensive approach we took to resolve his issues.

Case Study: A 32-Year-Old male runner

with Lateral Knee Pain

Our patient, a gentleman in his early 30s, had been suffering from lateral knee pain on his right side for three years. Despite various treatments, his pain persisted. He had tried physiotherapy, massages, dry needling, foam rolling, stretches, and home exercises. None of these approaches provided lasting relief.

Initial Assessment

Upon his first visit to our clinic, we conducted a thorough assessment of his knee. The knee joint itself appeared intact with no obvious structural issues. However, the patient’s pain was still very much present, suggesting that the source might be elsewhere. Our detailed assessment revealed some critical findings:

1. Right Glute Minimus Weakness: The right glute minimus muscle, which supports knee stability, was notably weak. This muscle has a known pain referral pattern into the lateral knee, making it a likely contributor to his pain.

2. Old Injury and Scar Tissue: Further investigation revealed an old injury and resulting scar tissue on the patient’s left knee. This injury had led to weakened hip and thigh muscles on the left side, causing an imbalance.

3. Compensatory Mechanisms: The weaker left side forced the right side to compensate, leading to an overload on the right knee and contributing to its stiffness.

Treatment Plan

Given the complexity of his condition, we devised a multi-faceted treatment plan addressing both the symptomatic right knee and the underlying issues stemming from the left leg.

1. Red Light Therapy for the Right Knee: To alleviate pain and inflammation in the right knee, we started with red light therapy. This treatment helps reduce pain and promotes tissue healing at a cellular level.

2. Hip Joint Release: We focused on releasing the hip joint on the right side to reduce stiffness and improve mobility. This step was crucial in “waking up” the surrounding muscles and facilitating better movement patterns.

3. Addressing the Left Knee Scar Tissue: We treated the old scar on the left knee using specific manual therapy techniques to break down adhesions and improve tissue flexibility. This process was essential in restoring proper function to the left hip and thigh muscles.

4. Strengthening and Balancing Exercises: We implemented a tailored exercise regimen to strengthen both the right glute minimus and the weakened muscles on the left side. This program included:

• Targeted Strengthening Exercises: Focused on the right glute minimus to enhance stability and reduce pain referral to the knee.

• Balancing Exercises: Designed to equalize strength between both sides, preventing overcompensation by the right leg.

• Functional Movements: Exercises that incorporated whole-body movements to ensure the muscles worked in coordination, improving overall biomechanics.

5. Neuromuscular Re-education: We used techniques to retrain the muscles and nervous system to work correctly together. This was crucial for correcting faulty movement patterns and ensuring lasting improvements.


After a few weeks of consistent treatment, our patient began to notice significant improvements. The pain in his lateral knee started to diminish, and he reported better stability and strength in his movements. The red light therapy effectively reduced inflammation and pain, allowing him to engage more fully in the strengthening exercises.

The release of the hip joint and treatment of the scar tissue on the left knee led to improved balance and function in his lower body. As his left leg regained strength, the compensatory overload on the right knee decreased, leading to a reduction in pain and stiffness.

Long-term Management and Prevention

To ensure long-term success and prevent recurrence, we advised our patient to continue with a maintenance exercise program. This included:

• Regular Strength Training: To keep both glute minimus muscles strong and functional.

• Flexibility Exercises: To maintain hip and knee joint mobility.

• Activity Modification: Guidance on how to modify activities to avoid excessive strain on either knee.

We also scheduled periodic follow-ups to monitor his progress and make any necessary adjustments to his program.


This case study highlights the importance of a comprehensive and individualized approach to treating knee pain. At Rathmines Pain and Injury Clinic, we believe in looking beyond the site of pain to identify and address underlying issues that contribute to chronic conditions. Our success with this patient underscores the value of a holistic treatment strategy that incorporates various therapies to achieve optimal results.

If you or someone you know is struggling with persistent knee pain, don’t hesitate to reach out to us at Rathmines Pain and Injury Clinic. Our dedicated team is here to help you find relief and regain your quality of life.

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